Jump to content

Arlit

Livela
Arlit
The open pit Uranium Mine at Arlit
The open pit Uranium Mine at Arlit
[[file:Template:Location map Niger|280px|Arlit is located in Template:Location map Niger]]<div style="position: absolute; top: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; left: Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character "[".%; height: 0; width: 0; margin: 0; padding: 0;">
[[File:Template:Location map Niger|6x6px|Arlit|link=|alt=]]
Arlit
Location in Niger
Country Template:NIG
Region Agadez Region
Seat Arlit Department
Elevation 425 m (Bad rounding here1 400 ft)
Isiphaluka
 • Total 1,247 km2 (Bad rounding here480 sq mi)
Uluntu(2012 census)
 • Total 112 432
 • Density Bad rounding here90/km2 (Bad rounding here230/sq mi)
Imephu yeentaba zeAïr ezisemazantsi

I-Arlit yidolophu yemizi-mveliso kunye nekomkhulu leSebe le-Arlit loMmandla we-Agadez osemantla kumbindi weNiger, owakhiwe phakathi kweNtlango yeSahara kunye nomda osempuma weentaba ze-Aïr. Ngama-200 iikhilomitha emazantsi ngendlela ukusuka kumda weAlgeria. Ukusukela ngo-2012, i-commune ibinabantu bebonke be-79,725.[1]

Ishishini leUranium[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Yasekwa ngo-1969 emva kokufunyanwa kwe-uranium, ikhule malunga neshishini lemigodi, eliphuhliswe ngurhulumente waseFransi. Imigodi emibini emikhulu ye - uranium, eArlit kunye neAkouta ekufutshane, ixhatshazwa yimigodi evulekileyo ephezulu yemigodi. Omnye umgodi ovulekileyo wakhiwa ngo-1971 yiNkampani yeMigodi yeSizwe yaseNiger, i-SOMAIR.[2] Umgodi wesibini ovulekileyo womgodi, kunye nomgodi wesithathu ongaphantsi komhlaba, wakhiwa yiFrench Compagnie Minière d'Akouta (okanye iCOMINAK).[3] Yonke i-ore evela kuzo zombini ngoku iqhutywe kwaye ihanjiswe yinkampani yaseFransi i-Orano Cycle, ukubamba iqela le-Orano, yona ngokwayo intsebenzo karhulumente ye-French Commissariat à l'énergie atomique (CEA). Inkqubo yokuvelisa amandla enyukliya yaseFransi, kunye nenkqubo yezixhobo zenyukliya yaseFransi, ixhomekeke kwi-uranium yombiwa e-Arlit. I-Orano Cycle yodwa iqeshe i-1600 yabemi bangaphandle kwisiza.[4]

Kwi-2017, iitoni ze-2,116 ze-uranium zakhutshwa kwimigodi ye-Arlit[5] kwaye yathunyelwa eFransi ngelori kwizibuko laseCotonou, eBénin. Kwincopho yayo kwiminyaka yoo-1980, i-40% yemveliso ye-uranium yaseNiger yavela kwi-Arlit, kwaye i-uranium imele i-90% ye-export yaseNiger (ngexabiso). Indlela enkulu yanamhlanje, eyaziwa ngokuba yi-Uranium Highway, yakhiwe ukuthutha i-uranium emazantsi, kodwa iye yadlula iidolophu ezininzi endleleni (i-In-Gall ngokomzekelo) kwaye itshintshe kakhulu inkqubo yezothutho yaseNiger.

I-Boom, i-bust kunye nokubuyisela[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ngasekupheleni kweminyaka yoo-1980, U-Arlit uhlaselwe kukuhla kwamaxabiso e-uranium ehlabathi, kwaye inani labasebenzi abavela kwamanye amazwe edolophini lehla laya kutsho kuma-700, ithontsi eliye laphindaphindeka kwishumi leminyaka yokuqala yenkulungwane yama-21. Ixabiso le-uranium "boom" yaseNiger ayizange iphinde ifumane umgangatho wayo we-1980s, ibangela ukugxothwa kunye nokubandezeleka kumashumi amawaka abantu baseNiger ababethontelana ukuya kwiidolophu ezinamatyotyombe ezingqonge iArlit.

Umsindo ngenxa yeziphumo zokudubula kweuranium, kunye nenkolelo yokuba eyona misebenzi ilungileyo iya kwabo basuka kumazantsi eNiger, yaba negalelo kwimvukelo yeTuareg ye-1990s. Ngasekupheleni kuka-2007, abantu belizwe laseTuareg benze ulwahlulo olufanelekileyo lwengeniso kunye nemisebenzi kubantu basekhaya eyona mfuno iphambili.[6]

Kwinqanaba le-macroeconomic, i-Arlit inokuthi ihlupheke kwisifo saseDatshi, okanye isiqalekiso saseDatshi, isenzeko apho kugxininiswa ngokugqithisileyo kwicandelo elinye (elidla ngokuba sisixhobo esifunwa kakhulu njenge-oyile) lithintela uphuhliso oluqhelekileyo lwamanye amacandelo abalulekileyo kuqoqosho.

Impembelelo yokusingqongileyo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Impembelelo kwimeko yendawo yeshishini lemigodi yase-Arlit iye yagxekwa yi-Afrika kunye ne-European Non-Governmental Organisations, kwaye i-Areva NC iye yatyholwa ngokukodwa ngokungakhathaleli impilo kunye neemeko zokusingqongileyo malunga nokusebenza kwayo.[7] IKomishoni ye-NGO yaseFransi yoPhando oluZimeleyo kunye noLwazi ngeRadioactivity ichaze iimfumba zenkunkuma yenyukliya engaphezulu kufutshane ne-Arlit njengengozi kunikezelo lwamanzi lwale ndawo.[8]

"Yellowcake" ingxabano[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Kulwakhiwo lwemfazwe e-Iraq bekukho impikiswano ngezityholo ngezityholo ngo-2003 zokuba uSaddam Hussein ibifuna ukuthenga iuranium kwiArlit.

Abafuduki kunye nabaphambukeli[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Indawo yesitalato eArlit

I-Arlit iphuhlise isiseko sehlabathi sokuqala kunye nesikhululo seenqwelomoya ukuze sikhonze abasebenzi baseYurophu kunye neentsapho zabo, kwaye iye yaba yindawo yokuthutha abaphambukeli abangekho mthethweni abazama ukuya eAlgeria, kwaye ukusuka apho, eFransi.

Isiseko somkhosi[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

I-United States isebenze isiseko somkhosi e-Arlit ukususela malunga no-2015.[9][10][11]

Ezothutho[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

IArlit ibonelelwa yiArlit Airport.

Kwinkcubeko eyaziwayo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Kwi-2005 umenzi wefilimu waseBeninese, u-Idrissou Mora-Kpai, yavelisa kwaye yalathisa ifilimu Arlit, deuxième Paris (Arlit, iParis yesiBini) malunga noluntu olukhulu lwangaphandle edolophini.

Ngo-2007 i-Andersen Press yapapasha 'Iyelenqe le-Yellowcake', inoveli yombhali wabantwana waseBritane uStephen Davies. Le noveli yintlola eyonwabisayo hlala kwaye ujikeleze umgodi we-Arlit.

Ijoloji[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ngaphezulu kwe-25 idiphozithi ye-uranium ivela ngaphakathi kwe-Mississippian ukuya kwi-Cretaceous age sandstones. Iimpawu eziphambili zesakhiwo yi-Arlit Fault, kunye nokungena kunye ne-ring dikes ukusuka kwi-480 ukuya kwi-145 Ma ubudala.[12]

Imozulu[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

IArlit inemozulu eshushu eyomileyo (BWh phantsi kwenkqubo yeKöppen-Geiger.)Template:Weather box

Bona kwakho[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Iimbekiselo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

  1. "Arlit (Commune, Niger) - Population Statistics, Charts, Map and Location" www.citypopulation.de retrieved 2024-02-16 
  2. Somair Company Profile.
  3. Georges Capus, Pascal Bourrelier and Moussa Souley (2004) "Uranium Mining in Niger; Status and Perspectives of a Top Five Producing Country" World Nuclear Association- N.B.: The WNA is a nuclear industry funded group 
  4. according to Le Canard Enchaîné (3 August 2005)
  5. "World Uranium Mining - World Nuclear Association" 
  6. [ l'Humanite, ] June 2007.
  7. Le dossier sur la mine d'Arlit de la CRIIRAD
  8. "French nuclear giant to explore potential of uranium deposit in Niger" Africanews 19 March 2023 retrieved 4 August 2023 
  9. Taub, Ben (January 28, 2018) "Ben Taub on Twitter: "Secret military base near Arlit, Niger, revealed as a white dot in a sea of black, because Western soldiers didn't turn off their Fitbits" Twitter via the Internet Archive archived from the original on 28 January 2018 retrieved 25 August 2020  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. Müller-Jung, Friederike (November 23, 2016) "US drone war expands to Niger" Deutsche Welle "An additional US base in Arlit, about 250 kilometers (155 miles) north of Agadez, has been operating for about a year, but little is known about it, Moore said, except that special forces are presumably stationed there." 
  11. Lewis, David; Bavier, Joe "U.S. deaths in Niger highlight Africa military mission creep" in Boulton, Ralph Reuters "In missions run out of a base in the northern Niger town of Arlit and others like the one that led to the ambush of U.S. troops, sources say they have helped local troops and intelligence agents make several arrests." 
  12. Nash, J. Thomas (2010) Volcanogenic Uranium Deposits: Geology, Geochemical Processes, and Criteria for Resource Management Reston: USGA p. 36 

Amakhonkco angaphandle[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

  • Website and photos of the town (in French) (Translate to English: Google, Bing, Yandex)
  • Rejets de la mine d'uranium d'Arlit, massif de l'Aïr, Niger (19°00' N – 7°38' E) (in French) (Translate to English: Google, Bing, Yandex)
  • agadez.org page on Arlit (in French) (Translate to English: Google, Bing, Yandex).
  • Mines d'uranium au Niger : Un scandale nommé COGEMA (in French) (Translate to English: Google, Bing, Yandex): Le nucléaire, l'uranium et l' "indépendance énergétique" française (B. Belbéoch).
  • La production d'Uranium au service du développement durable (in French) (Translate to English: Google, Bing, Yandex), on the official site of the Areva mining company.
  • A forgotten community: The little town in Niger keeping the lights on in France
  • googlemaps

Template:Communes of NigerScript error: No such module "Authority control".Page Module:Coordinates/styles.css has no content.Coordinates: 18°44′N 7°23′E / 18.733°N 7.383°E / 18.733; 7.383