Ulwimi Portuguese

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Portuguese (Português okanye, ngokupheleleyo, língua portuguesa) lulwimi Romance kunye ulwimi kuphela esemthethweni Portugal, Brasil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola, kunye São Tomé and Príncipe.[1] Kuye kwakhona co-esemthethweni status ulwimi e East Timor, Equatorial Guinea kunye Macau. Ngenxa yokwanda ngamaxesha colonial, kukho khona kwesiko labantu abathetha isiCreole IsiPhuthukezi kunye Portuguese nazo zifumaneka Goa, Daman and Diu in India;[2] e Batticaloa kunxweme olusempuma Sri Lanka; esiqithini Indonesian ka Flores; e Malacca of Malaysia; kwaye iziqithi ABC kwi zeCaribbean apho kuthethwa isiPapiamento, ngoxa Cape Verde sisiCreole i lwesiCreole kuthethwa ngokubanzi isiPhuthukezi-based.

Portuguese yinxalenye yeqela Ibero-Romance ukuba bavela iziyelelane eziliqela yobukrwada Latin eBukumkanini zamaxesha aphakathi kwe Compostela, wamnqanda ezinye Celtic phonology.[3][4] Abamalunga nama-215 ukuya kwizigidi 220 bathetha zomthonyama kunye nezigidi 260 izithethi zizonke, isiPhuthukezi ngokuqhelekileyo lubalwa yesithandathu njengolona lwimi natively ezithethwa ehlabathini, ulwimi yaseYurophu lwesithathu-ezithethwa ehlabathini ngokwemigaqo ezithethi zomthonyama,[5] kwaye ulwimi engundoqo Southern saseNtla. Kubalulekile kwakhona njengolona lwimi oluthethwayo Umzantsi Melika kunye yesibini ezithethwa Latin America emva iSpanish, kwaye lulwimi olusemthethweni European Union, Mercosul, OAS, ECOWAS kunye African Union.

Umbhali Spanish Miguel de ingawenzi ngokuthi Portuguese "ulwimi kamnandi nobabalo", lo gama i-imbongi Brazilian Olavo Bilac wayichaza njengokuba uFlor última ukwenza Lácio, inculta e Bela (intyatyambo yokugqibela Latium, esindayo, ezintle). Portuguese waziwa ngokuthi "ulwimi Camões", emva uLuís Vaz de Camões, omnye amanani ezinkulu zoncwadi kulwimi Portuguese kunye nombhali umbongo Portuguese eyindumasi, Os Lusíadas.[6][7][8]

NgoMatshi 2006, i-Museum of the Portuguese Language, i imyuziyam interactive malunga ulwimi Portuguese, yasekwa e São Paulo, Brazil, umzi kunye nani likhulu labantu abathetha ulwimi isiPhuthukezi ehlabathini.[9] Le myuziyam ke yokuqala hlobo yayo ehlabathini.[9] Ngo-2015 i-myuziyam yatshatyalaliswa emlilweni, kodwa kukho izicwangciso ukuyilandelela kuyo.[10]

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