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Ugqabhuko-dubulo lwaseKrakatoa ngowe-1883

Livela

Ugqabhuko-dubulo luka-1883 lweKrakatoa lwenzeka ngo-Agasti 27 waloo nyaka kwisiqithi saseKrakatoa, esiseSunda Strait, phakathi kweziqithi zaseSumatra neJava, kwiDutch East Indies (i-Indonesia yangoku). Isiqithi sanyamalala xa intaba-mlilo yegama elifanayo, kwiNtaba yePerboewatan - ekucingelwa ukuba ayisekho - yagqabhuka. Oku kuthathwa njengogqabhuko -dubulo lwentaba-mlilo lwesibini olubulalayo kwimbali, ugqabhuko-dubulo lwesithandathu olukhulu emhlabeni, [1] ukongeza ekubeni sisandi esikhulu kunazo zonke esakha saviwa embalini (Ingxolo yesithonga yayivakala kumgama oziikhilomitha ezingama-5,000). [2]

Iziphumo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ukuvela kweziqithi phakathi kweKrakatoa ukusuka kwi-1880 ukuya kwi-2005.

Ukulandelelana kogqabhuko-dubulo kunye nokudubula kwathatha iiyure ezingama-22 kwaye kwabangela ukufa kwabantu abangaphezu kwama-36,000. Ingxolo yafikelela naseOstreliya, kwiiPhilippines naseIndiya . [3]

Imephu yoluhlu lwetsunami oluveliswe lugqabhuko-dubulo.

Ngenxa yogqabhuko-dubulo, kwabakho iitsunami ezininzi kwiindawo ezahlukeneyo zesijikelezi-langa. Kufuphi neziqithi zaseJava naseSumatra, amaza afikelela ngaphezu kweemitha ezingama-40 ukuphakama.

Amakhonkco angaphandle[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

  1. Rachel Carson The Sea Around Us Oxford University Press US ISBN 9780195061864 
  2. bbc.com/ Krakatoa, o inferno de Java: a erupção há 137 anos que foi sentida no planeta inteiro
  3. Simon Winchester Krakatoa Objetiva ISBN 9788573026085