Tshisa nyama

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Ibrayi eqhelekileyo phezu braai encinane.
Ishedyuli kugalelwa boerewors kunye yehagu.

Tshisa nyama (Afrikaans: Braai) na isiko kwezentlalo apho ukutya (idla inyama) kokupheka kwi amukerile okanye kwiindawo phezu kwamalahle avuthayo, Zingatyabuki. Isithethe ekuqaleni yaqala maBhulu,[1] kodwa ukususela ukusasazeka kwabanye Southern Africa, kuquka eButswana, eNamibia, Lesotho, Zimbabwe kunye Zambia.

Ngaphandle ezihlohlwe inyama, umbona, iitapile ezenziwe neenkowane okroqiweyo ngokubanzi, ngokuqhelekileyo njengokuba izitya icala, kodwa ngamanye amaxesha ulungisiwe isidlo imifuno.

Kanye boerewors ilizwi, le ibrayi ilizwi ifakiwe nayo IsiNgesi kunye noninzi iilwimi nezeAfrika esemazantsi.

National Braai Day[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

National Braai Day ibhiyozelwa Heritage Day ngonyaka ngomhla we-24 kuSeptemba. Bonke abemi boMzantsi Afrika kwihlabathi jikelele bayakhuthazwa ukuba ukukhanyisa imililo ngomhla kunye lamarile into. Ngosuku lokukhunjulwa Mzantsi Afrika izityebi ilifa layo kunye yokuzonwabisa yaso eyodwa, le ibrayi. Abantu onke amaqela abazalwayo neenkolo inxaxheba[2]

Braai Day okokuqala ngo-2005 eyayiququzelelwa Mzansi Braai Institute, kwaye ukusukela ngo-2008 oko ethengisiweyo phantsi kwesihloko Qhotsa leMveli (Braai4Heritage), iphulo engenzi-nzuzo.[3] NgoSeptemba 5, 2007, Archbishop Desmond Tutu banqulwa elimisiweyo imihla.[4] inyathelo zazifumanayo ngo-2008 imvume esemthethweni yaseMzantsi Afrika National Heritage Council.

Iindlela Qhotsa nezixhobo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Zininzi iindlela ezahlukeneyo kosuku enokusetyenziswa, kwakunye iintlobo ezahlukeneyo zokugcada nezixhobo kwiindawo ezifana:

Grill phezu kwamalahle evulekileyo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

kwiindawo yemveli yaseMzantsi Afrika ngomlilo evulekileyo

Indlela uqhelekileyo kosuku eMzantsi Afrika inyama yokupheka zokupheka okanye enye yokutya amukerile ukuba sibekwe phezu komthombo ubushushu wamalahle, iinkuni okanye lokwenene briquettes.

Spitbraai[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Balila isidumbu izimvu lamtshi

Spitbraai siyindlela kosuku apho omkhulu ovulekieyo inyama ebotshelelwe ngentonga ejikelezayo, naphezu umthombo ubushushu igesi okanye umlilo wokupheka evulekileyo gama uyayijikeleza. Inyama ivuthwe ngokucothayo kwaye rhoqo basting de kuphekwe yaye ukulungele ukuba adle. A liphela isidumbu iigusha badla yosiwe lamtshi-, kodwa ingenziwa uyandizulela ezincinci ezifana neegusha, iinkomo - okanye yehagu lempundu kwaye kakhulu amantshontsho. Xa lonke isidumbu iigusha yosiwe etshicile, ukusika inyama ngokuqhelekileyo ngqo ekuwe- umzimba ngoxa bakwizikhundla ixhomekeke [5]

Kettle Grills[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Kettle Grills ezimbini, i-18 "umfuziselo 22.5" umzekelo

The Kettle Grills kwi 1952 Wesuka xa George Stephen Omkhulu, umqeshwa eWeber Brothers Metal Works kwi eChicago, Illinois, ivele kunye umenzi neebhoyi zaselwandle, ngoluvo kuba nokojiwa. kwepensile wakhe nokojiwa angqukuva kuba neqweqwe ukukhusela ukutya iziqalelo, lo gama amukerile lenza (zitywine kwi incasa). uGeorge Stefano wagawula udada phakathi, ebonakalisa wenza kuyo, kwaye yenziwe, bekunjalo baqala le Weber zeBBQ [6]

Gas Braai[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

LazyMan Model AP, photo 1954.

Zegesi ngokuqhelekileyo ukusebenzisa lwepetroliyam (LP) okanye irhasi yendalo (NG) njengomthombo zabo zibe kukudla lilangatye esetyenziswayo ukupheka inyama okanye ezinye ukutya by zokufudumeza ngqo okanye ngokungathanga ngqo. Zegesi ziyafumaneka kwi ngobukhulu ezahlukeneyo ukusuka ezincinane restaurantbraaiers ezinkulu nezamashishini nowayefudula ukuphekela amaqela amakhulu abantu.

Lo kojiwa igesi yangaphandle phantsi 1950 ekuqaleni yi Don McGlaughlin, umnini Chicago Combustion Corporation, omashini, yaye yaziwa namhlanje "LazyMan". Uyilo ekuqaleni McGlaughlin ngayo siquke kwaye 1954 Chicago Combustion Corporation zokoja yehlabathi yokuqala device, "LazyMan Model AP" obubhenqwe.[7]

Skottel Braai[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Breakfast kwi skottel braai

The Skottel Braai iquka olukhuni obekwe kwi isitovu igesi, kwaye ethandwayo ngakumbi ukwenza isidlo sakusasa, ummandla ingakumbi doped eza bamisa.[8]

iReference[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]