Nouakchott

Livela
Nouakchott
Template:Ubl
—  Capital city  —
Country  Mauritania
Capital district Nouakchott
Government
 • Council president Fatimatou Abdel Malick
Elevation 7 m (Bad rounding here23 ft)
Isiphaluka
 • Total 1 000 km2 (400 sq mi)
Uluntu(2019 census)
 • Total 1,195,600
 • Density Bad rounding here1 200/km2 (Bad rounding here3 000/sq mi)
Website Template:Official URL

Nouakchott ikomkhulu kunye nesixeko esikhulu saseMauritania. Ifumaneka kwindawo esemazantsi ntshona yelizwe, sesinye sezona zixeko zikhulu eSahara.[1] Isixeko sikwasebenza njengeziko lolawulo kunye nezoqoqosho eMauritania.

Yakhe yaba yilali eselunxwemeni esembindini, iNouakchott yakhethwa njengekomkhulu lelizwe laseMauritania. Yayiyilwe kwaye yakhelwe ukuhlalisa abantu abangama-15,000, kodwa yafumana ukukhula okubonakalayo kwabemi ngeminyaka yoo-1970s xa uninzi lwabantu baseMauritaniya babaleka iilali zabo ngenxa yembalela kunye nokwanda kwentlango. Uninzi lwaba bafikayo luhlala kwiindawo ezingootyotyombeni zesixeko ezazingakhathalelwanga kwaye zixinene kakhulu. Phakathi kwiminyaka yoo-1980, inani labantu baseNouakchott laliqikelelwa ukuba liphakathi kwama-400,000 ukuya kuma-500,000. [2]

Ukusukela ngo-2019, esi sixeko besinabemi abaphantse babe sisigidi esi-1.2 kwaye sisebenza njengendawo yoqoqosho lwaseMauritania. Likhaya kwizibuko lamanzi anzulu kunye neNouakchott-Oumtounsy Airport International, esinye sezikhululo zeenqwelomoya ezimbini zelizwe. Ikwabamba iDyunivesithi yaseNouakchott kunye namanye amaziko akhethekileyo emfundo ephakamileyo.

IJografi[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Umfanekiso wesathelayithi weNouakchott onamagama ezithili
Ukuxinana kwabemi kunye nemimandla engaselunxwemeni yomphakamo ophantsi. INouakchott isesichengeni ngakumbi sokunyuka komgangatho wolwandle.

Ifumaneka kunxweme lweAtlantiki kwiNtlango yeSahara, imi kunxweme olusentshona Afrika. Ngaphandle kwePort of Friendship kunye nezibuko elincinci lokuloba, ummandla wonxweme ushiywe ungenanto kwaye uvunyelwe ukukhukula. Unxweme lubandakanya iinduli zesanti eziguqukayo kunye neelwandle ezinesanti. Kukho iindawo ezinesanti ekhawulezayo kufutshane nezibuko.[3] INouakchott ubukhulu becala ithe tyaba kwaye iimitha ezimbalwa kuphela ngaphezu komphakamo wolwandle. Isongelwa ziindunduma zentlabathi ezisuka kwicala elingasempuma ezibangela ingxaki yemihla ngemihla.[4] Kubekho iinzame zokusindisa iindawo ezithile, kubandakanya nomsebenzi kaJean Meunier.[5]  Ngenxa yolwakhiwo olukhawulezayo, esi sixeko sinabile, sinezakhiwo ezide ezimbalwa. Izakhiwo ezininzi zinemigangatho enye.[6]

INouakchott yakhiwe malunga nesitalato esikhulu esinemithi, iAvenue Gamal Abdel Nasser, ehamba emantla mpuma kumbindi wesixeko ukusuka kwisikhululo seenqwelomoya. Yahlula-hlula isixeko sibe zimbini, kunye neendawo zokuhlala ezisemantla kunye nekota ye-medina, kunye ne-kebbe, idolophu ene-shanty eyenziwe ngenxa yokufuduswa kwabantu abavela kwezinye iindawo yintlango.[7] Ezinye izitrato ezikhulu zithiywe (ngesiFrentshi) kumanani aphawulekayo aseMauritanian okanye amazwe ngamazwe ngeminyaka yoo-1960: iAvenue Abdel Nasser, iAvenue uCharles de Gaulle, iAvenue Kennedy, kunye neAvenue Lumumba, umzekelo.[8]

Imozulu[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

I-Nouakchott ibonakalisa imozulu eshushu yasentlango (Köppen: BWh ) enamaqondo obushushu ashushu unyaka wonke kodwa amaqondo obushushu ebusika apholileyo ebusuku. Ngenxa yendawo esecaleni kolwandle yesixeko, iNouakchott ayisoloko ishushu njengezinye izixeko ezinemozulu. Sekunjalo, esi sixeko sinokuba neentsuku zokuxinana. Ngelixa umndilili wamaqondo obushushu aphezulu ngokwentelekiso ungaguquguquki kwi-33 °C (91 °F), umyinge wamaqondo obushushu asezantsi unokususela kuma-25 °C (77 °F) ngeenyanga zasehlotyeni ukuya kwi-13 °C (55 °F) ngeenyanga zasebusika. Ubuncinane bobushushu bunokuba ngaphantsi ukuya kutsho kwi-10 °C (50 °F) ngobusuku basebusika eNouakchott. Umndilili wemvula esixekweni yi-95 mm (3.7 in) ngonyaka.Template:Weather box

Uzinzo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ukuphendula kwi-450% eqikelelwayo yokwanda kwemfuno yombane phakathi kwe-2010 kunye ne-2030, i-Nouakchott's Sheikh Zayed power plant yagqitywa ngo-2012 kwaye ithathwa njengeyona ndawo inkulu yombane e-Afrika.[9] Imozulu yasentlango ibangela ukufumba kothuli, oluchaphazela kakubi ukusebenza kweepaneli zelanga ze-photovoltaic.[10]

Ubalo lwabantu[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Template:Historical populationsXa sithelekisa, abemi baso babengama-20 000 kuphela ngowe-1969. Inxalenye yobunzima bokuqikelela abemi besi sixeko kukuba inxalenye yaso ingoonothwal ’ impahlana, ukumisa iintente kwiindawo ezifanelekileyo, emva koko kupakishwe xa kukho imfuneko. Olunye uqikelelo lubeka abemi bango-2008 ngaphezulu kwezigidi ezi-2.[11] Ubalo luka-2013 lunike abantu besi sixeko njenge-958,399.[12]

Uqoqosho[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ulwandle lwaseNouakchott

I-Nouakchott liziko loqoqosho lwaseMauritania, kunye neekota ezintathu zamashishini ecandelo lenkonzo abekwe kwisixeko ukususela ngo-1999 kunye ne-90% yemisebenzi yoqoqosho yesixeko ebandakanya uthengiselwano olungekho sikweni. Abanye abemi banedilesi ezininzi kwaye bagcina ubudlelwane obuqinileyo kunye nemimandla yabo yemvelaphi, ngamanye amaxesha babuyela emsebenzini.[13]

Ezothutho[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Isikhululo seenqwelomoya saseNouakchott–Oumtounsy
ISaudi Mosque, enye yeemosque ezilishumi elinambini zaseNouakchott

Iindawo zonqulo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Phakathi kweendawo zokunqula, ubukhulu becala ziimosque zamaSilamsi. Kukho neecawa zamaKristu kunye neetempile: I-Roman Catholic Diocese yaseNouakchott (iCawa yamaKatolika), iicawa zamaProtestanti, iiCawa zeVangeli.

Iidolophu ezimbini - izixeko ezingoodade[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

  1. "The Sahara: Facts, Climate and Animals of the Desert" Live Science archived from the original on 3 March 2016 retrieved 21 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. Handloff, Robert E. (1990) Mauritania: A Country Study Federal Research Division p. 50 ISBN 9780160197970 
  3. "Harbor in Nouakchott Marks China-Mauritania Friendship" news.xinhuanet.com 28 July 2009 archived from the original on 4 March 2016 retrieved 19 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. "Nouakchott, Mauritania : Image of the Day" earthobservatory.nasa.gov (in English) 9 January 2001 archived from the original on 5 March 2016 retrieved 19 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. Welland, Michael (2009) Sand: The Never-ending Story (1. ed.) Berkeley: University of California Press ISBN 9780520254374 
  6. Spasevski, +Jugoslav (2013-09-29) "Nouakchott, Mauritania" Tourist Destinations (in en-US) retrieved 2023-11-21 
  7. de Valicourt, Benedict (2000) Mauritanie Paris: Editions Marcus ISBN 9782713101533 
  8. Hudgens, Jim; Trillo, Richard (2003) Rough Guide to West Africa (4th ed.) London: Rough Guides ISBN 1843531186 
  9. El Hacen Jed, Mohamed; Ihaddadene, Razika; Ihaddadene, Nabila; Elhadji Sidi, Cheikh ELBanany; EL Bah, Menny (2020-03-01) "Performance analysis of 954,809 kWp PV array of Sheikh Zayed solar power plant (Nouakchott, Mauritania)" Renewable Energy Focus (in English) 32: 45–54 ISSN 1755-0084 doi:10.1016/j.ref.2019.11.002 
  10. Lasfar, Sara; Haidara, Fanta; Mayouf, Chiva; Abdellahi, Fatimatou Med; Elghorba, Mohamed; Wahid, Achraf; Kane, Cheikh Sid Ethmane (2021-08-01) "Study of the influence of dust deposits on photovoltaic solar panels: Case of Nouakchott" Energy for Sustainable Development (in English) 63: 7–15 ISSN 0973-0826 doi:10.1016/j.esd.2021.05.002 
  11. "Nouakchott Travel Guide" www.world66.com archived from the original on 19 June 2017 retrieved 19 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  12. "Mauritania: Regions, Cities & Urban Localities - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts" citypopulation.de archived from the original on 26 October 2016 retrieved 19 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  13. Lawrence, William "Symptom of Crisis or Engine of Development? The Mauritanian Informal Economic Sector" The Fletcher Journal of Development Studies archived from the original on 4 September 2015 retrieved 3 February 2015  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  14. "Twinnings and Agreements With Cities" ¡Madrid! archived from the original on 19 November 2016 retrieved 19 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  15. "Amman's Relations with Other Cities" Municipality of Greater Annam archived from the original on 2 January 2008 retrieved 19 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  16. "List of Gansu's Sister Cities by 2012" gansu.chinadaily.com.cn archived from the original on 6 July 2017 retrieved 18 November 2016  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)