Kosta Pecanac

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Kosta Pećanac portrait.jpg

Konstantin "Kosta" Milovanović Pećanac (Template:Lang-sr-cyrl; 1879-1944) yaba isiserbia Chetnik omncinci (vojvoda) ngethuba Balkan Iimfazwe, Imfazwe Yehlabathi mna kwaye Imfazwe Yehlabathi II. Pećanac walwa kwi - opt. icala kuzo zombini Balkan Iimfazwe kwaye Ihlabathi Imfazwe mna, ukungenela imikhosi Kosta Vojinović ngexesha Toplica uprising ka-1917. Phakathi iimfazwe wayeyindoda ebalulekileyo inkokeli Chetnik veteran iimbumbano, kwaye kamva yaziwa ngokuba yakhe eyomeleleyo hostility ukuba Yugoslav Communist Umntu, apho kwenziwa kuye ethandwa kakhulu kwi-conservative izangqa. Njengoko umongameli wenkundla Chetnik Association, uya eguquliweyo i-i-association ngexesha 1930s kwi-i-aggressively * zingathathi icala elithile Serb ezopolitiko umbutho kunye phezu isiqingatha yezigidi amalungu. Ngexesha Imfazwe Yehlabathi II, Pećanac collaborated kunye kunye isijamani military yolawulo kwaye zabo isiserbia puppet karhulumente kwi - Territory ye-Military Omncinci kwi-Saseserbia.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEHehn1971350Pavlowitch2002141-1 [1]]Template:Sfnm

Nje phambi Axis invasion ka-Eyugoslavia ngoaprili 1941, Yugoslav urhulumente ezinikezelwe Pećanac nge-mali kwaye ukuba bayokulwa nyusa guerrilla iiyunithi kwi-e-afrika Saseserbia, Makedoni kwaye Kosovo. Yena bamisela detachment ne-300 abantu, ikakhulu kwi - Toplica river intlambo kwi-e-afrika Saseserbia, apho avoided intshabalalo ngexesha invasion. Lokuqala iinyanga ezintathu emva surrender, Pećanac zihlanganisene ngakumbi troops ukusuka Serb refugees fleeing Makedoni kwaye Kosovo. Nangona kunjalo, lakhe Chetniks walwa kuphela isialbania amaqela kummandla, kwaye abazange bathethe i-Germans. Ukulandela uprising emmandleni ye-Military Omncinci kwi-Saseserbia ebutsheni julayi 1941, Pećanac ngokukhawuleza igqibe ukuba abandon ucinga ngokuchasene Axis, kwaye yi end ka-agasti kokuba ndagqiba izivumelwano kunye isijamani umsebenzi imikhosi kwaye puppet urhulumente milancity in italy Nedić ukuba intsebenziswano kunye nabo baza kulwa i - communist-wakhokela Partisans. Ngojulayi 1942, rival Chetnik inkokeli Draža Mihailović arranged kuba Yugoslav urhulumente--exile ukuba denounce Pećanac njengokuba traitor, kwaye bakhe siqhubeke isebenzisana Germans ruined yintoni zihleli ye-reputation kokuba kwaphuhliswa kwi-Balkan kwiimfazwe Imfazwe Yehlabathi I.

I-Germans rapidly kwabonakala ukuba Pećanac ke Chetniks, egama amanani kokuba grown ukuba 8,000, ukuba inefficient kwaye unreliable, kwaye nkqu Nedić urhulumente kokuba kokuthenjwa kubo. Baba ngokupheleleyo disbanded Kweyokwindla 1943. Pećanac ngokwakhe waba interned yi-Nedić regime ngexesha elithile, kwaye waba assassinated yi-agents ka-Mihailović kwi-Meyi okanye juni 1944.

Phambi kwexesha ebomini[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Kosta Milovanović wazalwa ngowe-a dolophana kufutshane Dečani ngowe-1879, nangona eminye imithombo mistakenly ukuchonga ngonyaka njengoko 1871. Uyise Milovan yaba ngokuzalwa ye - Visoki Dečani monastery. Pećanac ke ubawo kwaye umntakwabo Milosav walwa kwi - Russo-isiturkish Mfazwe ka-1877-1878. Kwi-1883, bobabini abazali bakhe abulawa kwi-uhlaselo yi-Albanians kwi monastery. Emva koko incopho, Pećanac waba ndakhangela emva ngomoya wakhe uncle kule dolophana ka-Đurakovac kufutshane Peć kuba ongaziwayo isixa sexesha.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.8729_April_2003-2 [2]]Template:Sfn

Yena wafika kwi - Saseserbia kwi-1892 ekuqaleni kweminyaka 14 kwaye isebenza njengokuba mercenary. Xa wayeneminyaka 21, wabizwa ngokuba phezulu kuba umkhosi inkonzo kwaye wasebenza kwi-engineer corps, wokuba a uvimba igosa. Wathi kamva isebenza kunye umda gendarmerie kufutshane Vranje njengokuba corporal. Pećanac yakhululwa e abanye incopho ngezizathu engaziwayo kwaye kamva bazimanya Chetniks. Ngexesha wayekhonza kunye nabo yena wayenikwe nickname "Pećanac", derived ukusuka igama town apho yena ukhulele.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.8730_April_2003-3 [3]]Template:Sfn

Makedoni kwaye Balkan Iimfazwe[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ngowe-1895, imfazwe waphula ngaphandle kwi - Makedoni ngokuchasene Ottoman Empire. Pećanac bazimanya isiserbia Chetnik Umbutho ngowe-1903, kwaye walwa ngokuchasene Ottoman umkhosi ezininzi ezibalulekileyo iimfazwe kuquka oko Šuplja Stena (kufutshane Pčinja) kwaye Čelopek (kufutshane Staro Nagoričane).[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.874_May_2003-4 [4]]Template:Sfn - umdikoni ye - Vladika ka - Žiča kwaye omncinci (Serbo-gurmukhiTemplate:Lang-sh, војвода) Jovan Grković-Gapon wacebisa awarding Pećanac iwonga vojvoda; e a Christmas-day intlanganiso ngowe-1904, Pećanac wafumana isihloko e neminyaka engama-25. Kwi-isithuba phakathi 1905 kwaye 1907, yena wakhokela eziliqela enkulu iimfazwe ngokuchasene Ottoman umkhosi kwi - i-skopje mmandla.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.875_May_2003-5 [5]]Template:Sfn Ngowe-1908, Pećanac married i-sofia Milosavljević ukususela town ka - Aleksinac. Waya kwi ubawo ezine abantwana kunye naye.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.876_May_2003-6 [6]]Template:Sfn Ngowe-1910, njengoko uyasokola kwi-Makedoni intensified, washiya abantwana bakhe kwaye pregnant umkakhe, kwaye babuyele battlefield.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.878_May_2003-7 [7]]Template:Sfn

Kwi - Lokuqala Balkan Imfazwe, walwa ukususela ngo-oktobha 1912 ukuba Babe 1913, Pećanac waba mobilised kwi-opt. Wesithathu Umkhosi, bephethe udidi ka - sergeant kwi - Morava uphinda-phindo. Wathabatha inxalenye kwi-yoyisa ye-Albanians kwi - Merdare, Idabi Kumanovo kwaye inkululeko ka - Metohija.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.878_May_2003-7 [7]]Template:Sfn Ngexesha Yesibini Balkan Imfazwe, walwa ukusuka kwi-29 juni ukuya kwi-10 agasti 1913, Pećanac ngu bakholelwa ukuba zithe stationed kwi-phambili kwi Kitka kwi Osogovo Entabeni ukuya Zletovska kwaye Bregalnica rivers. Apho, lakhe ukwahlula wathabatha inxalenye kwi - Idabi Bregalnica kunye Bulgarians. Emva Bulgarian olubulalayo ayiphumelelanga, bathumela parliamentarians bafune a truce, kodwa isiserbia icala wala kwaye besilwa waqhubeka. Emva yakhe ukwahlula kokuba wanyamezela ezintandathu imihla nzima ukulwa, Bulgarians baba woyisa e Grljani kufutshane Vinica.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.8711_May_2003-8 [8]]Template:Sfn

Imfazwe Yehlabathi Mna[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ukulandela disastrous end kwi - opt. phulo kwi emva kwexesha 1915, Pećanac lokuphuma ukuba Corfu ihamba kunye retreating isiserbia umkhosi kwaye urhulumente, kwaye ekugqibeleni bazimanya Salonika ngaphambili. Ngowe-1915, Pećanac wawufumana ezahlukeneyo medals kuba yakhe "merit kwidabi lokulwa" kuquka ezintathu igolide medals kuba bravery, omnye kuba military ubunyulu, Ukulandelelana Inkwenkwezi ka-Karađorđe (4th Iklasi) bakhe zenkonzo Zehlabathi Imfazwe mna kwaye kusenokwenzeka kanjalo kuba yakhe phambi military accomplishments.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlovi.C4.87Mladenovi.C4.8712_May_2003-9 [9]]Template:Sfn

Ngoseptemba 1916, isiserbia Phezulu Umyalelo wathumela ke-Kukalieutenant Pećanac yi-zezulu ukuba Mehane (umzantsi-ntshona ka - Niš kwi - Toplica ingingqi) lungisa guerrilla uprising ukuxhasa a kwakucwangcisiwe Allied ulwim. Apho, Pećanac ixhuamne eziliqela amaqela guerrillas, eyaziwa ngokuba comitadji. Pećanac abaziwayo imikhosi kunye wobulali inkokeli Kosta Vojinović, kwaye bobabini ngokomgaqo-headquarters kwi - Ntaba Kopaonik. Rivalry ngokukhawuleza kwaphuhliswa phakathi ezimbini iinkokeli, ikakhulu ngenxa Pećanac kuphela kokuba ii-odolo ukulungiselela inkxaso kwakucwangcisiwe Allied ulwim, kodwa Vojinović waba ukwenza umsebenzi imisebenzi ukuze sibe nesiphumo wangaphambili emptive intshukumo yi-Bulgarian umsebenzi imikhosi. Imicimbi weza a intloko ngojanuwari – februwari 1917 xa Bulgarians waqalisa conscripting wobulali Serbs kuba military inkonzo. Kwintlanganiso ye guerrilla iinkokeli ukuxoxa nokuba bamele kuqalisa jikelele uprising, Pećanac waba outvoted. Nangona kunjalo, iziganeko kokuba overtaken iinkokeli, kwaye babebizwa essentially ukungenela a ethandwa kakhulu uprising ukuba waba sele omhlophe. Emva guerrillas phantsi Pećanac ke umyalelo owenza i-Bulgarians, waba hailed njengokuba inkokeli ucinga, nangona kokuba ezinzima ngokungathandabuzekiyo malunga eventual sikazwelonke xa Bulgarians kwaye Austro-Hungarians wanikela enkulu amanani troops ukuba subdue i-uprising. I-guerrillas baba ukuvala kwi Niš ebutsheni Matshi xa occupying imikhosi waya kwi ulwim. Pećanac advised yakhe fighters ukufihla ngaphandle kwi-emithini kunye neentaba, ngexesha Vojinović ilungisiwe bakhe ukuba balwe ukuba ukufa. Nge-25 Matshi, uprising bebe crushed.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMitrovi.C4.872007248.E2.80.93259-10 [10]]Template:Sfn Pećanac ke, intatho-nxaxheba ukuchasa weza e-elikhulu personal iindleko; ezintathu abantwana bayo wafa ngeli xesha kwi-Bulgarian internment.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTENewman2015108-11 [11]]Template:Sfn

Ngoaprili 1917, Pećanac re-iyakwazi ukuhluma kunye yakhe guerrillas, attacking a railway station, ekutshabalaliseni a bridge kwaye raiding a-Bulgarian dolophana kwi umda. Pećanac kunqande ngakumbi ulwim yi-umsebenzi imikhosi ngojulayi yi-disappearing kwi iintaba kwakhona. Emva ezivelayo ixeshana elifutshane, ngoseptemba–oktobha 1917 Pećanac kwakhona dispersed yakhe guerrillas kwaye infiltrated i - Austro-isihungarian uxakekile eselunxwemeni, apho lowo ahlala kuyo hiding de mid-1918.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMitrovi.C4.872007261.E2.80.93273-12 [12]]Template:Sfn Ngexesha lakhe ixesha kwi-hiding, wahlangana kunye Kosovar isialbania inkokeli Azem Galica ukuxoxa edibeneyo iintshukumo ngokuchasene umsebenzi imikhosi.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMalcolm2002262-13 [13]]Template:Sfn

Interwar xesha[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Pećanac waba kakhulu ngabemi nani kwi-Chetnik yokuhamba-hamba ngexesha interwar xesha.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTERamet200647-14 [14]]Template:Sfn Ngexesha 1920-Siseko yowiso-mthetho konyulo, Prime Umphathiswa Nikola Pašić wathumela Pećanac ukuba Sandžak nge odolo ukuba intimidate yobulali Muslim bonke kwi-ithemba ukugcina turnout low.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEInternational_Crisis_Group8_April_2005-15 [15]]Template:Sfn Kulo nyaka, azame yi-Yugoslav urhulumente ukuba disarm kwaye conscript Kosovo Albanians aqubisana revolts. Pećanac lathunyelwa Kosovo ukuba ifomu detachments made phezulu ka-wobulali Serbs ekulweni i-rebels. Oku ngenxa kwi-bavukela olubulalayo kwi Serb villages.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMalcolm2002274-16 [16]]Template:Sfn

Pećanac kokuba ephambili indima ebalulekileyo kwimeko - Association ngokuchasene-Bulgarian Bandits, i-umbutho ukuze arbitrarily terrorised Bulgarians kwi - Štip mmandla.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTERamet200647-14 [14]]Template:Sfn kanjalo njengosihlalo a omncinci kunye Umbutho we Yugoslav Nationalists (ORJUNA).[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTENewman2012158-17 [17]]Template:Sfn Pećanac waba langoku njengelungu lepalamente ngomhla assassination ka - gurmukhi Peasant Iqela (HSS) inkokeli Stjepan Radić kwaye HSS deputies Pavle Radić kwaye Đuro Basariček ngomhla we-20 juni 1928. Phambi shooting, waba umtyholwa yi-HSS usekela - Ivan Pernar yokuba eliphathiswe a kwendyikityha yokufa ka-200 Muslims ngowe-1921.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEGlenny2012410-18 [18]]Template:Sfn

Pećanac waba ngumongameli we-Chetnik Association ngowe-1932.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975126-19 [19]]Template:Sfn Yi-ukuvula ngamalungu ebhunga Chetnik Association entsha younger amalungu ukuba engafikanga wasebenza kwi-Imfazwe Yehlabathi mna, yena lukhule umbutho ngexesha 1930s ukusuka nationalist veterans' association focused kwi ukukhusela veterans' amalungelo i-aggressively * zingathathi icala elithile Serb ezopolitiko umbutho kunye 500,000 amalungu kulo lonke Ubukumkani Eyugoslavia.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTESingleton1985188-20 [20]]Template:Sfn Ngeli xesha, Pećanac bamisela vala ties kunye kude kube ngoku-ilungelo Yugoslav Ngokugqibeleleyo Union urhulumente milancity in italy Stojadinović.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlowitch200752-21 [21]]Template:Sfn Pećanac waba ezaziwayo kuba yakhe hostility ukuba Communist Iqela ka-Eyugoslavia, oko kwenziwa kuye ethandwa kakhulu kunye conservatives, ingakumbi abo kwi-Stojadinović ke umntu.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMilazzo197519-22 [22]]Template:Sfn[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975120-23 [23]]Template:Sfn

Imfazwe yehlabathi II[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Kufutshane nje phambi Axis invasion Yobukumkani ka-Eyugoslavia ngoaprili 1941, Pećanac waba eceliweyo yi - Yugoslav Kubulungiseleli ka-Umkhosi kwaye Nevi ukulungiselela guerrilla imisebenzi kwaye balinde e-afrika indawo Saseserbia, Makedoni, kwaye Kosovo ukusuka pro-Bulgarians kwaye pro-Albanians rebels. Yena sanikwa imali kwaye zesintu, zize zilawulwe ukuba ingalo eziliqela anamashumi abantu kwi - Toplica River intlambo kwi-e-afrika Saseserbia. Pećanac ke umkhosi zihleli intact emva isijamani umsebenzi ka-Saseserbia kwaye supplemented yayo ukomelela ukusuka Serb refugees fleeing Makedoni kwaye Kosovo. Pećanac ke detachments walwa ngokuchasene isialbania ngamakhamandela kwi-kwangoko ehlotyeni 1941.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975126-19 [19]]Template:Sfn ngeli xesha kwaye kuba considerable ixesha emva, kuphela detachments phantsi Pećanac baba yafumanisa ukuba yi elithi "Chetnik".[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975127-24 [24]]Template:Sfn Kunye kuvuka ye-communist Partisans, Pećanac wanika phezulu na inzala kwi ucinga kwaye ngokuthi emva kwexesha agasti ufikelele izivumelwano kunye kunye isiserbia puppet urhulumente kwaye isijamani abasemagunyeni ukuba ukuzithwala ngaphandle olubulalayo ngokuchasene Partisans.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975127-24 [24]]Template:Sfn[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTERoberts197321-25 [25]]Template:Sfn

Xa wayeneminyaka concluding amalungiselelo kunye Germans, ngomhla we-18 agasti 1941 Pećanac wafumana ileta evela Draža Mihailović ucela isivumelwano abe ufikelele apho Pećanac ingaba ukulawula Chetniks afrika ye - Western Morava River ngexesha Mihailović ingaba ukulawula Chetniks kuzo zonke ezinye iindawo.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975127.E2.80.93128-26 [26]]Template:Sfn Pećanac kwehla lakhe isicelo kwaye wacebisa ukuba abe kunikela Mihailović i - oyintloko abasebenzi kunye indawo kwaye elicetyiswayo Mihailović ke detachments disband kwaye ukungena yakhe detachments. Kwesi sithuba, Pećanac kokuba arranged kuba unikezelo eziliqela amabini yakhe Chetniks kwi-opt. Gendarmerie ukuba enze njengoko isijamani auxiliaries.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich2001183-27 [27]]Template:Sfn

a copy of the proclamation by Pećanac
Pećanac u - "Isihlokomiso ukuba Mhlekazi Abantu"

Ngomhla we-27 agasti, Pećanac ekhutshwe i-vula "Isihlokomiso ukuba Mhlekazi Abantu", apho lowo portrayed ngokwakhe njengoko a defender kwaye protector ka-Serbs kwaye ngokuba "kwi detachments ukuba zithe bamisela ngaphandle yakhe ukuvunywa" ukuba kuza kunye phantsi umyalelo wakhe. Yena lanyanzelisa ukuba abantu hiding kwi-forests ngoko nangoko babuyele emakhayeni abo kwaye ukuba izenzo sabotage ngokuchasene occupiers yekani okanye abenzi bobubi ingaba ubuso ukufa.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975128-28 [28]]Template:Sfn

Ngoseptemba 1941, ezinye Pećanac ke subordinates waphula izintlu ukungena kunye Partisans kwidabi lokulwa i-Germans kwaye zabo isiserbia auxiliaries. Kwi-Kopaonik kummandla, ngaphambili loyal subordinate ka-Pećanac waqalisa attacking wobulali gendarmerie stations kwaye clashing kunye armed ngamakhamandela ka-isialbania Muslims. Yi end ka-oktobha, Germans kugqitywe ukumisa arming "unreliable" ezibini ngaphakathi Pećanac ke Chetniks, kwaye iqhotyoshelwe intsalela yabo ezinye isiserbia auxiliary imikhosi.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMilazzo197528.E2.80.9329-29 [29]]Template:Sfn

Ngomhla we-7 oktobha 1941, Pećanac uthumele isicelo milancity in italy Nedić, intloko ye - opt. puppet urhulumente, kuba stronger umbutho, supplies, zikhali, umvuzo imali, kwaye ngaphezulu. Ngokuhamba kwexesha, lakhe izicelo zazalisekiswa kwaye isijamani liaison igosa wonyulwa e Pećanac ke headquarters ukunceda kuququzelela iintshukumo. Ngokunxulumene isijamani data, ngomhla we-17 kweyomqungu 1942 72 Chetnik amagosa kwaye 7,963 abantu baba ekubeni kumiselweyo ngumthetho i-opt. Gendarmerie Umyalelo. Oku wawa emfutshane ye-ubukhulu wagunyazisa ubungakanani 8,745 abantu kwaye oku kubandakanya ezimbini okanye ezintathu amabini ka-Mihailović ke Chetniks ababe legalized novemba 1941.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975127-24 [24]]Template:Sfn enye inyanga, Pećanac bafune imvume kwi-Prussia kuba imikhosi yakhe ukusa kwi-empuma Igreece, kodwa waba wala phezu isi-Italian yethutyana ukuba Chetniks ingaba yiya kwi Sandžak.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEMilazzo197544.E2.80.9345-30 [30]]Template:Sfn

Ngoaprili 1942, isijamani Commanding Jikelele kwi-Saseserbia, Jikelele der Artillerie (Jikelele) Upawulos Bader, ekhutshwe ii-odolo zinika iyunithi amanani M–39 ukuya M–101 ukuya Pećanac Chetnik detachments, ezaye beka phantsi umyalelo wenkundla wobulali isijamani ukwahlula okanye indawo umyalelo ngeposi. Ezi ii-odolo kanjalo ufune deployment a isijamani liaison igosa nabo bonke detachments owenza imisebenzi, kwaye limited zabo yokuhamba-hamba ngaphandle zabo yabelwe indawo. Kombane ka-izikhali kwaye ammunition waye kanjalo controlled.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975195-31 [31]]Template:Sfn ngojulayi 1942, Mihailović arranged kuba Yugoslav urhulumente--exile ukuba denounce Pećanac njengokuba traitor.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTERoberts197363-32 [32]]Template:Sfn Yakhe siqhubeke ngentsebenziswano ruined yintoni zihleli ye-reputation kokuba kwaphuhliswa kwi-Balkan kwiimfazwe Imfazwe Yehlabathi I.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTEPavlowitch200759-33 [33]]Template:Sfn

I-Germans kamsinya ifumanise ukuba Pećanac ke iiyunithi baba inefficient, unreliable, abancinane military sebenzisa. Pećanac ke Chetniks yithi rhoqo clashed kwaye kokuba rivalries kunye nezinye isijamani auxiliaries, ezifana opt. State Balinde kwaye isiserbia Volunteer Umyalelo, ngokunjalo ne-Mihailović ke Chetniks.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTELazi.C4.87201129.E2.80.9330-34 [34]]Template:Sfn - Germans kwaye puppet urhulumente yaqalisa disbanding kwabo ngoseptemba 1942, kwaye zonke kodwa omnye baba iintsinjana yi end ka-1942. Yokugqibela detachment waba iintsinjana Ngomatshi wama-1943. Pećanac ke abalandeli baba dispersed kwezinye isijamani auxiliary imikhosi, isijamani nabasebenzi iiyunithi, kwaye prisoner-imfazwe camps. Abaninzi deserted ukungena Mihailović. Akukho nto yaziwa ka-Pećanac ke imisebenzi inyanga ukuba abalandela ngaphandle kokuba okokuba waye interned kuba abanye ixesha yi-opt. puppet urhulumente.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975128.2C_195-35 [35]]Template:Sfn

Ukufa[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ii-akhawunti Pećanac ke gcina nokufa vary. Ngokunxulumene enye i-akhawunti, Pećanac, zine - - - wakhe iinkokeli kwaye 40 zabo abalandeli baba captured yi-imikhosi loyal ukuba Mihailović ngofebruwari 1944. Zonke abulawa zingaphelanga iintsuku ngaphandle kokuba Pećanac, abo ahlala kuyo custody ukubhala zakhe zemfazwe memoirs phambi kokuzalwa usetyenzisiwe ngomhla we-5 Meyi 1944.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTELazi.C4.87201129.E2.80.9330-34 [34]]Template:Sfn Omnye umthombo states waba assassinated ngomhla we-6 juni 1944 yi-Chetniks loyal ukuba Mihailović.[./Kosta_Pećanac#cite_note-FOOTNOTETomasevich1975260-36 [36]]Template:Sfn

Izikhumbuzo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ezinxulumeneyo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Iincwadi[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Incwadi egcina ii akhawuti[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

I-intanethi imithombo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]