Intsholongwane i-Zika

From Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Intsholongwane i-Zika
Intsholongwane i-Zikairhashalala ngexesha lesifo esosulelayo se-Zika
irhashalala ngexesha lesifo esosulelayo se-Zika
Uhlelo nezibonelelo zangaphandle
ICD/CIM-10U06.9, code change from 21 December 2015 U06.9, code change from 21 December 2015
ICD/CIM-9066.3 066.3
DiseasesDB36480
MedlinePlus007666
MeSHD000071243

Umkhuhlane i-Zika (ekwaziwa njengesifo sentsholongwane i-Zika) isisigulo esibangelwa yintsholongwane i-Zika.[1] Kwiimeko ezininzi ayinazo iimpawu, kodwa xa zikhona zidla ngokuba ngaphakathi kwaye zingafana nomkhuhlane i-dengue.[1][2] Iimpawu zingaquka umkhuhlane, amehlo abomvu, ukuqaqanjelwa ngamalungu omzimba, intloko ebuhlungu, kwanerhashalala ye-maculopapular.[1][3][4] Iimpawu zithatha ngaphantsi kuneentsuku ezisixhenxe.[3] Akukabikho kufa kuxeliweyo ngexesha lokuqalisa kosuleleko.[2] Usuleleko lwayanyaniswa ne-Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS).[2]

Umkhuhlane i-Zika idla ngokusasazeka ngenxa yokulunywa ziingcongconi zohlobo lweAedes.[3] Isenokubangelwa lulosuleleko lwezifo zesondo ezihanjiswa ngesondo ukusuka emntwini ukuya kumntu atshate naye kwaye zikwanokusasazwa kukutsalwa kw(ama)egazi.[5][3] Izifo ezosulelayo kubafazi abakhululweyo nazo zingalosulela usana kwaye oku kudityaniswa nokuphuma kwezisu kunye ne-microcephaly.[1][6] Uxilongo lungokuvavanya igazi, umchamo, okanye amathe ukuqonda ubukho bentsholongwane ye-Zika RNA xa umntu egula.[1][3]

Uthintelo luquka ukunciphisa ukulunywa ziingcongconi kwimimandla apho senzeka khona isifo kunye nokusetyenziswa ngokufanelekileyo kweekhondom.[3][5] Imizamo yokuthintela ukulunywa iquka ukusetyenziswa kwezigxothi-zinambuzane, ukugquma ubuninzi bomzimba ngesinxibo, iinethi zeengcongconi, kunye nokususa amanzi awomileyo apho zinokuzala khona ngokutsha iingcongconi.[1] Alukho olusebenzayo ugonyo.[3] Abasebenzi bezempilo bacebisa ukuba abafazi abakwimimandla echaphazelwa 2015–16 uqhambuko lwe-Zika bakhe bathi xhaa ngokumitha kwaye abafazi abamithiyo bangatyeleli kule mimandla.[3][7] Ngelixa kungekho lunyango luthile, i-paracetamol (acetaminophen) inganceda ngeempawu.[3] Ukulaliswa esibhedlele akuyo mfuneko ixhaphakileyo.[2]

Intsholongwane ebangela esi sifo yaqala ukubekelwa bucala ngo-1947.[8] Uqhambulo lokuqala ukubhalwa phakathi kwabantu lwenzeka ngo-2007 kwi-Federated States of Micronesia.[3] Template:Ukusukela ngo, esi sifo besisenzeka kwingingqi ezingamashumi amabini zaseMelika.[3] Sikaziwa kwakhona ngokwenzeka eAfrika, eAsiya, nakwiPasifikhi.[1] Ngenxa yoqhambuko olwaqala eBrazil ngo-2015, i-World Health Organization yakubhengeza oku njenge-Public Health Emergency of International Concern ngoFebruwari 2016.[9]

Imithombo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 "Zika virus". World Health Organization. January 2016. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/zika/en/. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Factsheet for health professionals". Zika virus infection. European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. http://ecdc.europa.eu/en/healthtopics/zika_virus_infection/factsheet-health-professionals/Pages/factsheet_health_professionals.aspx. Retrieved 22 December 2015.
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 Chen, Lin H.; Hamer, Davidson H. (2016) "Zika Virus: Rapid Spread in the Western Hemisphere" Annals of Internal Medicine ISSN 0003-4819 doi:10.7326/M16-0150 
  4. Musso, D.; Nilles, E.J.; Cao-Lormeau, V.-M. (2014) "Rapid spread of emerging Zika virus in the Pacific area" Clinical Microbiology and Infection 20 (10): O595–6 PMID 24909208 doi:10.1111/1469-0691.12707 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Oster, Alexandra M.; Russell, Kate; Stryker, Jo Ellen; Friedman, Allison; Kachur, Rachel E.; Petersen, Emily E.; Jamieson, Denise J.; Cohn, Amanda C. et al. (1 April 2016) "Update: Interim Guidance for Prevention of Sexual Transmission of Zika Virus — United States, 2016" MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 65 (12): 323–325 PMID 27032078 doi:10.15585/mmwr.mm6512e3 
  6. Chan, Jasper F.W.; Choi, Garnet K.Y.; Yip, Cyril C.Y. et al. (2016) "Zika fever and congenital Zika syndrome: An unexpected emerging arboviral disease" Journal of Infection ISSN 0163-4453 PMID 26940504 doi:10.1016/j.jinf.2016.02.011 
  7. "Brazil warns against pregnancy due to spreading virus" CNN 24 December 2015 retrieved 24 December 2015 
  8. Olson, Ken E.; Haddow, Andrew D.; Schuh, Amy J. et al. (2012) "Genetic Characterization of Zika Virus Strains: Geographic Expansion of the Asian Lineage" PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases 6 (2): e1477 ISSN 1935-2735 PMC 3289602 PMID 22389730 doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001477 
  9. "WHO Director-General summarizes the outcome of the Emergency Committee regarding clusters of microcephaly and Guillain-Barré syndrome". Media Centre. World Health Organization. 1 February 2016. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/news/statements/2016/emergency-committee-zika-microcephaly/en/. Retrieved 3 February 2016.