uMzantsi Afrika

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IRiphabliki yaseMzantsi Afrika
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National motto: !ke e: ǀxarra ǁke
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UMzantsi Afrika, ngokusesikweni ubizwa ngokuba yirhiphabhlikhi yasemZantsi Afrika (RSA), lilizwe elibuthume kwincakami yeAfrika. Ubukhulu bawo buziikhilomitha ezingama-2,798 kunxweme olunwebela lunxusa umzantsi wolwandle iAtlantika kunye nolwandle iIndiya. [1][2][3] Emantla nango ethe natya amazwe asebumelwaneni anjengeNamibia, iBotswana kunye neZimbabwe; ukuya empuma yiMozambique kunye naseSwazini; phakathi kwala mazwe kukho ilizwe laseLuSuthu, ingingqi engqongwe ziziphaluka zasemZantsi Afrika. [4] [10] UmZantsi Afrika lilizwe elikhulu kakhulu kangangokuba libambe indawo yama-25 ngobukhulu bomhlaba kwihlabathi lonke jikelele, kwaye phantse zizigidi ezingama-53 zoluntu, lilizwe elibambe indawo yama-25 ukuba lelona lizwe laziwayo.

UmZantsi Afrika sisizwe leentlanga-ngeentlanga elididiyelwe ngamasiko ngamasiko, ngeelwimi-ngeelwimi, nangeenkolo-ngeenkolo. Njengelizwe elingunozala weentlanga-ngeentlanga, oku kubonakala kakhulu xa umgaqo siseko ukwamkela ngokungazenzisiyo ummiselo wokusetyenziswa kweelwimi ezili-11 nje ngeelwimi ezisemthethweni kwiinkonzo zaseburhulumenteni, nekuzezona zinenani eliphakamileyo kunawo onke amazwe emhlabeni. [9] Ezimbini kwezi lwimi imvelaphi yazo iseYurophu: isiNgesi nesiBhulu, isiBhulu lisiDatshi olusetyenziswa njengolwimi lweenkobe luninzi lwabamhlophe kunye nabebala kweli laseMzantsi Afrika. Nangona isiNgesi ilulwimi olusetyenziswa imihla-ngemihla kwiinkonzo zikawonke-wonke nakwiintengiso, lulwimi lwesine olusetyenziswa njengolwimi lweenkobe.[3] [9]

Abantu abamalunga nama-80% kubemi boMzantsi Afrika ngabantu abantsundu nekungabantu abaziinzalelwane zeli,[5][3] baziintlanga-ngeentlanga, bathetha iilwimi-ngeelwimi zakwaNtu, eziluthoba kuzo zinikwe isidima sokokuba zibe ziilwimi zaseburhulumenteni ngokusesikweni. [3][9] ezinye iintlanga ezingekho kweli nani ngabahlali bezixekokazi zaseAfrika ngamaYurophu, ngamaamaAsia, kunye nabamvelaphi yabo ikwiintlanga-ngeentlanga. Onke amaqela ezi ntlanga-ngeentlanga neelwimi-ngeelwimi amelwe ngokwezopolitiko kweli lizwe, kumgaqo siseko osekwe ngokwentando yabantu, opalamente yawo uyiRhiphablikhi, nawo osithoba amaphondo. Okoko kwathi kwaphela urhulumente wocalu-calulo, ubumbejembeje ngamasiko-ngamasiko boMzantsi afrika bulenze bangumahluko eli lizwe latsho laziwa de labaluleka ngakumbi, njengoko bubonakalisiwe kwintetho engMmnyama weSizwe omabala-bala.[11]

Ngokwezoqoqosho ingeniso yaseMzantsi Afrika ibekwe kwinqanaba elingaphezu kwesiqingatha yiBhanki yeHlabathi, kwaye uMzantsi Afrika uthathwa nje ngelizwe elithi liseyimveku libe sele liphuhle ngokupheleleyo kwezoqoqosho.[6][7] Uqoqosho lwayo lubambe indawo yesibini eAfrika, kwaye ngobukhulu libambe indawo yama-28 kwihlabathi. [8] Xa kuthethwa ngokuthelekiswa kwamndla okuthenga oMzantsi Afrika kunye nawamanye amazwe, uMzantsi Afrika lilizwe lesixhenxe kwathenga kakhulu ngokwengeniso yonyaka eAfrika, nangona ubuhlwempu nokungalingani kwabantu ngokobuhlwempu nobutyebi busahamba phambili kweli lizwe, njengoko ikota yabantu ingaphangeli ibe iphila ngemali engaphantsi kwe-US$1.25 ngosuku. [9][10] Nangona kunjalo, uMzantsi Afrika uthe wachongwa njeamandla akwizinga eliphezulu ngokwehlabathi, yaza yahlala iliziko elinomfutho kwingingqi.[11][12]

Igama elithi Mzansi, lisuka esiXhoseni kwisibizo esithi umzantsi, oko kuthetha ukuthi "mzantsi", igama elisetyenziswa ekuhlaleni mihla le eMzantsi Afrika.Livermon, Xavier (2008) "Sounds in the City" in Nuttall, Sarah; Mbembé, Achille Johannesburg: The Elusive Metropolis Durham: Duke University Press p. 283 ISBN 9780822381211 "Mzansi is another black urban vernacular term popular with the youth and standing for South Africa." </ref>[13]






  1. "South African Maritime Safety Authority". South African Maritime Safety Authority. http://www.samsa.org.za/. Retrieved 16 June 2008.
  2. "Coastline". The World Factbook. CIA. https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/fields/2060.html. Retrieved 16 June 2008.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "South Africa Fast Facts". SouthAfrica.info. April 2007. http://www.southafrica.info/about/facts.htm. Retrieved 14 June 2008.
  4. Guy Arnold. "Lesotho: Year In Review 1996 –Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Encyclopædia Britannica. http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9113829/LESOTHO. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  5. Census 2011: Census in brief Pretoria: Statistics South Africa 2012 ISBN 9780621413885 retrieved 12 January 2013 
  6. "South Africa". World Bank. http://data.worldbank.org/country/south-africa. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
  7. David Waugh (2000) "Manufacturing industries (chapter 19), World development (chapter 22)" Geography: An Integrated Approach Nelson Thornes pp. 563, 576–579, 633, 640 ISBN 978-0-17-444706-1 retrieved 24 August 2013 
  8. "World Development Indicators database". World Bank. http://databank.worldbank.org/ddp/home.do?Step=12&id=4&CNO=2. Retrieved 26 June 2013.
  9. Template:Cite news
  10. "HDI". UNDP. http://hdr.undp.org/en/media/HDI_2008_EN_Tables.pdf.
  11. Template:Cite journal
  12. David A. Lynch (2010) Trade and Globalization: An Introduction to Regional Trade Agreements Rowman & Littlefield p. 51 ISBN 978-0-7425-6689-7 retrieved 2013-08-25 "Southern Africa is home to the other of sub-Saharan Africa's regional powers: South Africa. South Africa is more than just a regional power; it is by far the most developed and economically powerful country in Africa, and now it is able to use that influence in Africa more than during the days of apartheid (white rule), when it was ostracized." 
  13. {{cite web|title=Mzansi DiToloki|url=http://www.deafsa.co.za/mzansi_ditoloki/%7Cpublisher=Deaf Federation of South Africa|accessdate=15 January 2014|quote=uMzantsi in Xhosa means 'south', Mzansi means this country, Template:South Africa