Ukuhlamba izandla

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Ukuhlamba izandla[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ukusasazeka ngokukhawuleza kosulelo lwe-COVID-19 kwihlabathi liphela kubangele uqoqosho oluninzi luyekelele baza abantu abaninzi bagula kakhulu abanye basweleka. Umzamo omkhulu wenziwe ukunqanda ukwanda kwe-coronavirus, kunye nokunciphisa inani losulelo olutsha lesifo se-COVID-19.

Ngelixa abasemagunyeni bezempilo beqhubeka besebenzisa izixhobo zenzululwazi ukubeka esweni usulelo olutsha kunye nezonyango ukunyanga abantu abosulelekileyo ukuze ekugqibeleni baphuhlise unyango olusebenzayo kunye nogonyo nxamnye nesi sifo, sonke sinako ukuthintela ukwanda kwesi sifo. Olu thintelo lunokwenziwa rhoqo okanye ngaphandle kwendleko, lusebenza kakhulu kwaye lufuna nje ukuba sitshintshe indlela esiziphatha ngayo ukuze sihlale singaphambili ngenyathelo elinye ngaphambi kokuzosulela, iintsapho zethu kunye noluntu lwethu ngale ntsholongwane ibulalayo.

Kweli nqaku sizakuqwalasela kakhulu kwindlela yokuhlamba izandla kunye nezinye iindlela zempilo - ukuba zisetyenziswe ngokuchanekileyo - kungathintela ukosuleleka yintsholongwane kunye neencukudu eziyingozi. Sijonga nemiceli mngeni abajongana nayo abanye abantu ekuphumezeni amanyathelo acocekileyo okusebenza kunye nokuba le miceli mngeni inokoyiswa njani.

Uzihlamba nini izandla[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Izifundo ezininzi zibonakalise ukuba eyona ndlela isebenzayo kwaye enexabiso eliphantsi lokuthintela nokubamba ukusasazeka kwezifo ezosulelayo ezifana ne-COVID-19, kukusoloko uhlamba izandla zakho ngesepha namanzi abalekayo. [1] [2] [3] Kodwa kuthetha ntoni kanye “ukuhlamba izandla rhoqo”? Iingcali zezempilo kunye nezifo zithi kufuneka uhlale uhlamba izandla:

  • Emva kokusebenzisa indlu yangasese.
  • Emva kokucoca iimpundu zomntana.
  • Ngaphambi kokutyisa umntwana.
  • Ngaphambi kokupheka isidlo nasemva kokuphatha inyama ekrwada, intlanzi okanye inkukhu.
  • Emva kokunyanga inxeba.
  • Emva kokuthimla, ukukhohlela okanye ukufinya.
  • Emva kokuphatha izilwanyana okanye ukungcola kwezilwanyana.
  • Emva kokuphatha inkunkuma.
  • Emva kokuphatha imigangatho

Uzihlamba njani izandla[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Kucacile ukuba ukuhlamba rhoqo izandla ngesepha kunye namanzi abalekayo ngumkhwa obalulekileyo wezempilo. Nangona kunjalo, ukuhlanjwa kwezandla kusebenza kuphela xa kwenziwe kakuhle. Ukuhlamba izandla ngokufanelekileyo kubandakanya:

  • Hlamba rhoqo izandla ngesepha, kunye namanzi abalekayo acocekileyo. Iisepha eziqhelekileyo zisebenza nje ngokufanayo nezinye iisepha zokulwa nentsholongwane. Ukuba isepha ayifumaneki, uthuthu lunokusetyenziswa endaweni yoko.
  • Enye indlela esebenzayo yokuhlamba izandla-kunye nokonga amanzi - kukusebenzisa isenithayza esina-60% yesiqulatho sotywala, xa zifumaneka. Equlathe utywala obuphezulu, kuthetha ukuba isicoci sesandla sisebenza ngakumbi. Izicoci zesandla zinokuthengwa kwiikhemesti okanye kwiivenkile ezinkulu. Nangona kunjalo, xa ezi zingafumaneki ukusetyenziswa kwesepha kunye namanzi abalekayo acocekileyo kusebenza ngokufanayo.
  • Hlikihla izandla zakho ngamandla kangangemizuzwana engamashumi amabini. Khuhlisisa phakathi kweminwe, emva kwezandla, kwizihlahla kunye nangaphantsi kweenzipho.
  • Pula izandla zakho kakuhle ngamanzi abalekayo.
  • Yomisa izandla zakho ngetaweli ecocekileyo. [4]


Abanye abantu abakwazi ukufikelela kumanzi amaninzi abalekayo acocekileyo. Ukuza kuthi ga ngoku, sibonile ukuba amanzi acocekileyo, abalekayo abalulekile ukuhlamba izandla zakho ngokufanelekileyo ukuze ukhuseleke kwiintsholongwane ezingabonakaliyo. Kwicandelo elilandelayo, sijonga into esinokuyenza xa amanzi acocekileyo engekho.

Iindlela ezizezinye zokuqinisekisa amanzi acocekileyo abalekayo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ukuba amanzi acocekileyo nabalekayo awafumaneki ngokulula, amanzi afumaneka kwimilambo okanye emadamini anokunyangwa ukuze angabi nazintsholongwane ezingabonakaliyo. Ngokufutshane, unyango kufuneka lubandakanye:

  1. Intshela: Oku kubandakanya ukususa amasuntswana amakhulu kwaye angaphezulu kwe-50% yeentsholongwane emanzini.
  2. Ukuhluza: isusa amasuntswana amancinci kumanzi amdaka kwaye ihlala ifikelela kwiipesenti ezingama-90 zeentsholongwane ezingabonakaliyo.
  3. Ukucoca amanzi amdaka njengenyathelo lokugqibela kwinkqubo yokunyanga kuya kuqinisekisa ukubulawa kweentsholongwane ezishiyekileyo.[5]

Isihluzi se-Biosand esiya kususa intshela, isihluzi kunye nokucoca amanzi amdaka, kwaye kulula ukusakha senziwe liZiko lobuchwephesha ngandlela zimbi zaManzi kunye neLindle. Yiya kwi-resources.cawst.org/package/biosand-filter-instruction-manual-en, ukuze ukhuphele incwadana yolwakhiwo.

Akuba amanzi ecociwe, kufuneka abe ayabaleka xa uhlamba izandla. Uninzi lwezixhobo ezilula, nezisebenziseka zipakishwe lula zinokwakhiwa. U-Peter Morgan udibanise incwadi ebonakalisa amava akhe e-Zimbabwe. Ungayifumana ku-https: //wwwaquamor.info

Isiphelo[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

Ukuhlamba izandla zakho rhoqo nangokucocekileyo ngesepha okanye uthuthu kunye namanzi abalekayo yeyona ndlela ingenandleko yokunqanda ukusasazeka kwezifo ezosulelayo. Xa ubhubhane wehlabathi ofana nesifo i-COVID-19 sisoyikisa ukuphila kwethu, uluhlu lweenguqu ezongezelelekileyo zokuziphatha ezinje ngokungasondelelani koluntu nokunxiba imaski yobuso xa usesidlangalaleni kunyanzelekile.

Reference List[tshintsha | Yenza izilungiso kokubhaliweyo]

  1. Rotter, M.L. (1984-01) "Hygienic Hand Disinfection" Infection Control 5 (1): 18–22 ISSN 0195-9417 doi:10.1017/s0195941700058744 
  2. Moss, William (2004-01-01) "Child health in complex emergencies" Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 84 (1): 58–64 ISSN 0042-9686 doi:10.2471/blt.04.019570 
  3. "Foreword" The State of the World's Children 2008 (UN): 3–3 2008-12-31 ISBN 978-92-1-059754-8 
  4. MARKEL, HOWARD (2015-09) "Wash Your Hands!" Milbank Quarterly 93 (3): 447–454 ISSN 0887-378X doi:10.1111/1468-0009.12128 
  5. "BioSand filter provides clean drinking water" Filtration & Separation 47 (1): 8 2010-01 ISSN 0015-1882 doi:10.1016/s0015-1882(10)70018-5